PAEC related NEWS

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PAEC allowed to upgrade labs

By Our Reporter

ISLAMABAD, July 11: The government has allowed the Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) to upgrade its laboratories at a cost of Rs2.5 billion. Sources told Dawn on Monday that the upgrading of laboratories of the Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (Pinstech) would be completed in five years and the Planning Commission had approved the projects. The government would provide the funding but the annual recurring expenditures would be met from the non-development budget of Pinstech.

Under the programme, laboratories and facilities of Pinstech will be established and upgraded for economical study of irradiated assemblies of the Pakistan Atomic Research Reactors I and II, the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant and the Karachi Nuclear Power Project to determine their performances at different burn-ups.

The fuel testing laboratories will be effectively utilized for failure and radiation damage studies of reactor materials for reactors in operation or planned for installation. Keeping in view the safety procedures, various technical facilities and related administrative and managerial tasks will be accommodated in three separate building blocks. Laboratories will be fitted with special ventilation and exhaust systems required for radiation work under the norms of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

ISO-accredited isotope production laboratories will be upgraded for economical production and processing of artificial radioisotopes in the fields of life sciences, hydrology, agriculture and industry under the programme.

http://www.dawn.com/2005/07/12/top7.htm

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Salam,

http://www.dawn.com/2005/07/15/top4.htm

PAEC told to set up 13 N-power plants

By Ihtasham ul Haque

ISLAMABAD, July 14: The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) has been assigned a special task by the government to set up 13 new nuclear power plants to generate 8800 MW of power in the next 25 years with a view to meet growing requirements of the industrial sector. Informed sources told Dawn here on Thursday that when work on the 300-MW Chashma Nuclear Power Plant-2 had started in May last, the PAEC authorities were directed to accelerate their efforts to install 13 more nuclear power plants both with local and foreign financial and technical support. Each plant would roughly have a capacity of 600-700 MW.

Chashma-2 will be completed in 2011 at a revised cost of $850 million for which Chinese were mainly providing financial and technical support. Chashma-1 was also built with Chinese assistance and was currently producing about 1400 MW of electricity at 95 per cent plus capacity, which sources claimed, was one of the highest in the world.

Sources said that PAEC was expecting to establish 13 new nuclear power plants mostly through indigenous efforts, especially due to the transfer of technology being received from Chinese for Chashma-2. The PAEC is expected to be self-sufficient in all aspects of designing, installation, construction and operations of the proposed nuclear power plants.

Regards.

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It is a good move. It will help develop local industrial capabilities and expand economic activities. HMC, HEC in Taxilla and Steel mill will be able to expand their capabilities and product range.

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With oil becoming more and more exlusive and Kyoto a non-US (non developed nations) issue the move is the only possible option.

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‘Pakistan top recipient of IAEA technical assistance’

http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_26-7-2005_pg7_34

Staff Report

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has become the top recipient of the IAEA’s technical assistance among the member states because of its active participation in the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) technical co-operation programme and training to IAEA fellows at the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC).

Parvez Butt, PAEC chairman, said this at the opening of a one-week PAEC/IAEA research coordination workshop on irradiation of fruits and vegetables to ensure hygienic quality and enhancing their shelf life, on Monday, says a press release.

He said that 20 IAEA funded projects were being carried out at various PAEC institutes and the PAEC’s labs at PINSTECH had been declared regional resource units of the IAEA.

He spoke about the necessity of putting up irradiation plants to enhance the shelf life of fruits and vegetables, saying that a big part of these items was wasted because of their short natural shelf life.

The extension of shelf life and microbiological safety through the application of nuclear technology, would not only offer longer export quality items in fresh condition, but would also find better acceptability by consumers abroad as it satisfied the hygienic requirements set by the World Trade Organisation, he said.

All provinces have asked for food irradiation plants and the PAEC could meet this demand, Mr Butt said, adding that agriculture was the backbone of the national economy but its dividends could be multiplied only through technical support that enhanced production, preservation and value addition, he added.

In his welcome address, Dr Kauser Abdullah Malik, member of biosciences, said the PAEC had focused its research on agriculture, health and environment and set up an irradiation plant in Lahore in 1987 which was providing sterilisation services for surgical and medical goods. He said the PAEC was running 13 cancer hospitals benefiting more than 350,000 cancer patients annually. “We have also evolved more than 50 high-yield food and cash crops which are fetching billions in additional income to the farmers,” he added.

Speaking on the occasion, IAEA expert Dr Tatiana Rubio-Cabello said the IAEA project involved active research work which would generate valuable information in food preservation.

PAEC’s Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture Peshawar Director Sanaullah Khattak said that the centre had contributed to reduce post-harvest losses of crops and introduced an eco-friendly technology for pest control.

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PAEC plans five more medical centres

By Our Correspondent

FAISALABAD, July 26: The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission would establish five more medical centres in the country and train the staff of other health institutions about nuclear medicines and methods.

This was stated by Dr Kausar Abdullah Malik, PAEC member (administration) while speaking to the participants in a MoU signing ceremony between the PAEC and the Government College for Paramedics, Faisalabad, here on Tuesday.

He said the PAEC would try its best to transfer knowledge about nuclear medicines to the younger generation, especially the students of medical institutions, so that they could serve the nation.

He said these five new centres would be set up in Nawab Shah, Gujranwala, Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu and Swat to enhance the net of nuclear medicines and health care through this system.

He said the PAEC would provide help and training about nuclear medicines to the students of paramedics colleges and medical institutions and the qualified persons would be deputed in the PAEC medical centres.

Dr Malik said at present 13 medical centres were functioning in Faisalabad, Lahore, Islamabad, Larkana, Karachi, Peshawar, Quetta and other cities.

He said under the new plan, the students would be given one-year diploma and later they would complete their one-year physical and technical programmes in the nuclear medical centres of the PAEC.

He said at present youth having simple education were being employed for the technical jobs in the medical centres of the government due which both the patients and doctors had been facing problems. A comprehensive campaign would be launched to upgrade and modernize the existing infrastructure of the medical institutions and PAEC would play its role in this regard.

http://www.dawn.com/2005/07/27/nat40.htm

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PAEC plays vital role in agricultural improvement

http://www.app.com.pk/n07.htm

ISLAMABAD, Aug 2 (APP): About 47 new varieties of crops evolved by Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission

(PAEC) have been contributing towards additional benefits for farmers amounting to over six billion

rupees per annum.

According to annual report of the Commission the new varieties of the crops have led to significant

enhancement in the productivity of crops such as wheat, cotton, rice, lentils, fruits and vegetables.

The agricultural research centers of PAEC are engaged in research and development programmes with the

objective of tapping the latest research trends in agriculture for crop improvement through mutation

breeding, pest management, prevention of post-harvest losses and by controlling water logging and salinity.

The leading agricultural research centers of PAEC are Nuclear Institute of Agriculture (NIA), Tandojam,

Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) Faisalabad and Nuclear Institute for Food and

Agriculture (NIFA) Peshawar.

The PAEC research centers are focusing on evolving further new varieties of wheat and other crops which

are disease resistant and require low input in terms of water and fertilizers the other major focus of the PAEC

is to improve the nutrition value of food crops.

Various varieties of oil seed are also being evolved by PAEC agricultural research centers.

Besides this other income generating activities have also been promoted by PAEC which include

Eucalyptus oil and Wood-shaving, "Buradah" production from leaf and wood of Eucalyptus tree.

In addition to evolving new varieties of crops efforts have been undertaken by PAEC for controlling

salinity and water logging which include installation of tube wells and mass plantation on 1800 acres of salt

affected land, lining of water courses and establishment of large cotton tracts for bio-control of

pests on an area of 130 acres.

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Pak Observer (08/05/05

ECNEC approves 40 projects worth Rs 95b

Countrywide plan to contain hepatitis

Sharafat Kazmi

Islamabad—Pakistan has decided to increase nuclear power generation from existing 400 to 8800 MW by 2030, apart from development of alternative energy resources, so that dependence on oil for energy generation during the next 25 years could be reduced.

This decision was made in the Executive Committee of the National Economic Council (ECNEC) Thursday, which also approved forty projects in different sectors amounting to over 95 billion rupees.

The meeting, which was first in the current financial year, was chaired by Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz.

The Prime Minister issued directions to the concerned ministries and departments to focus on energy requirements of the country with a view to sustaining the tempo of development. He would also convene a meeting soon to draw up a plan for the purpose.

Briefing newsmen about the ECNEC meeting, Deputy Chairman Planning Commission Dr Akram Sheikh said, the projects approved include 37 new while three projects were revised.

There are 23 projects relating to social sector costing over 46 billion rupees. Elevan infrastructure projets were approved at a cost of over 33 billion rupees while three governance related projects amount to 8 billion rupees. The meeting also cleared one production sector project costing over four billion rupees. He said apart from provision of clean drinking water as announced by the Prime Minister, a country-wide programme would be initiated to address the critical problem of hepatitis which has affected approximately 10 percent of the population. The plan envisages availability of screening and treatment facilities down to tehsil level.

Dr Akram Sheikh said a self-destructive syringe factory is being set up in Lahore by the private sector. Local production of this kind of syringe would help prevent spread of many diseases caused by infected syringes. Similarly, he said, facilities would be provided at tehsil level for treatment of blindness.

Replying to questions he said a 500 KV transmission line from Muzaffargarh to Faisalabad is being installed at a cost of 6.77 billion rupees.

The ECNEC also approved a number of developmental schemes for FATA. These include construction of 192 km roads, installation of 135 hand pumps, 31 tubewells, 480 dug-wells, 80 irrigation ponds, and 36 schemes of small surface irrigation.

APP adds: He added that health projects are aimed at controlling and curing blindness, water borne diseases like hepatitis and blood related diseases in the country. The health projects also included HIV/AIDS control programme for Sindh, Tuberculosis control progranmme for NWFP and the total cost of all projects approved were Rs 20.83 billion and are to be executed throughout the country. Dr Sheikh said the cost of population welfare programmes approved was Rs 13 billion.

He informed about 10 percent country’s population is suffering from different types of hepatitis and the ratio varies in different areas of the country. He added that the prevalence of HIV/AIDS is almost negligible and government is taking steps to prevent its spread.

Deputy Chairman Planning Comission Dr Muhammad Akram Sheikh said in order to continue and maintain economic growth of 7-8 percent in next five years, the energy requirements particularly of power generation including power transmission and distribution are important elements. He said last year the Prime Minister had given directives in this regard and WAPDA and KESC have already started work on it. Dr Sheikh said that average consumption of electricity has increased to 8.5 percent in the country while in peak summer season the demand of electricity had risen to 22 percent.

He added that Prime Minister has given special directives to meet the energy demand in the country. He said that Prime Minister will be convening a meeting of WAPDA, its transmission and distribution departments and petroleum sector in next two weeks to discuss with officials the energy issues to ensure future requirements and not to affect industrial and agricultural growth in the country. Dr Sheikh said that during the last financial year the Large Scale Manufacturing has registered a growth of 15.5 percent and as a result the energy demand for the sector has also increased.

The Deputy Chairman said WAPDA in line with government decisions has further reduced the electricity rates Rs 0.75 per unit for Tubewells in off peak hours and installed meters to further boost agriculture sector in the country.

The Deputy Chairman Planning Commission said that today ECNEC has also approved a project for upgradation of laboratory and design facilities improvement for PINSTEC at a cost of Rs.2.25 billion. “We plan to enhance the exiting nuclear power of 400 MW to 8800 MW by the year 2030 to meet our energy demands”, he remarked.

He added in future “we also plan to enhance existing single unit capacity of nuclear power to 1000 MW “, he added. To a question , he said that to minimize the technical losses of WAPDA, extra efforts are being made in this regard. He added that average losses of WAPDA are 24.5 percent.

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Not sure where to put this.

The NBC Bombshell

New Delhi The Pioneer 23 June 2000 p 9

by Anil Narendra, Editor of Vir Arjun:

The US television network, NBC, recently made a startling disclosure: That Pakistan's nuclear arsenal is bigger than India's and that Pakistan has better and more advanced missile delivery systems than India. The impression in this country all this while has been that India was far ahead of its traditional rival in the field of nuclear technology and arsenal both in terms of quantity as well as quality. After all, India exploded its first nuclear device in 1974 whereas Pakistan did so in May 1998. In other words, India had a headstart of more than 24 years over Pakistan.

Quoting US intelligence officials, NBC reported that Pakistan's nuclear arsenal was vastly superior to that of India's with up to "five times the nuclear warheads" and far more accurate and effective delivery systems. The original US estimate was that Pakistan had 10 to 15 nuclear weapons while India had 25 to 100. But they now say that they may have overstated India's "homegrown" arsenal and that the bigger number (25 to 100) better applies to Pakistan. What several of the officials, unidentified mostly, told the network is that the crucial element is delivery of nuclear payloads in which Islamabad is said to be far ahead of New Delhi, especially in ballistic missiles.

One voice of authority quoted in the report was that of Marine Corps General Anthony Zinni of the US Central Command, who said: "Don t assume that the Pakistan's nuclear capability is inferior to India s," he said.

A recent US Defence Department analysis of India's capability and readiness, quoted by the network, says India may have a "handful of nuclear bombs" may be about five and the delivery systems needed to launch them is "seriously lagging". The document also suggests that India has no nuclear capable missiles and fewer aircraft to deliver nuclear payloads than Pakistan. Pakistan is now estimated to possess 30 nuclear-capable missiles the Chinese made M-11 short-range missiles and its Pakistani variant, the Tarnuk, as well as the North Korean Nodong intermediate range missiles, called the Ghauri

In reaction to the NBC revelation a foreign office spokesman of Pakistan said the report "will encourage India to defy efforts to prevent a nuclear build up". India's reaction to the report was nonchalant: Foreign Office spokesman Raminder Singh Jassal, said, "India's nuclear program is based on our requirement to have minimum nuclear deterrent and is not country specific."

Why then did NBC break this story which, it now appears, has no takers in both India and Pakistan? A report or assessment of this nature can only be made by a US Government security or a strategic assessment agency, and not some private corporation. Was the information leaked to the TV channel? If it is indeed a leak and happens to be a correct assessment then one motive behind the report could be to focus on the dangerous fallout of a nuclear and missile race in South Asia. Perhaps this report is to warn the two countries of their respective nuclear strength as both the sides go by guesswork in the absence of precise and definite information. Or are the Americans trying to warn India about Pakistan? Or is the US trying to rattle India at a time when it is caught in the Kashmir tangle? Or is it a ploy to pressurize India into signing the CTBT?

The US is actively involved in the ongoing dialogue between the leaders of the All India Hurriyat Conference and the Government of India.

Does the US Administration, through this leak, intend to send a signal to India, that it must settle the Kashmir issue now, and that if it is under the impression that it is the pre-eminent power in the region then it is wrong?

If there is truth in this report, it should not strain our credulity.

Remember Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's resolve: We are prepared to eat grass, but we will make the bomb. Pakistan has been trying to beat India in the nuclear race for a long time. It has tried every trick in the trade, from stealing nuclear blueprints from abroad, parts, to fissile materials including technology transfer from China and North Korea. Pakistan was able to carry out its nuclear tests within weeks of the surprise Indian tests in 1998. It certainly had ready-to-use know-how and weaponry, which had already been tested and perfected. Therefore, while India still requires extensive testing, Pakistan does not. Also, at the end of the day, the morality of a country's nuclear might or acquisition does not matter. If Pakistan has begged, borrowed and stolen nuclear secrets, it has acted with cunning and guile in order to score in a vital area over India. Then, is the leak connected with US's internal politics, this being the election year? According to defence expert K Subrahmanyam, the national missile defence (NMD) plan would be a major topic for debate. The Republican Party has a more hawkish posture on it though a significant number of Democrats too are keen on it. The justification for the NMD plan is the threat from emerging nuclear, missile-holding states other than the five established nuclear powers. Pakistan's powerful arsenal can threaten Israel and US assets in West Asia. Without naming Pakistan as a rogue state, the story focuses on continuing threat of missile and nuclear proliferation which justifies the proposed NMD efforts. Also it should not be forgotten that Pakistan has a strong lobby in the US. An inflated report on its nuclear status may serve a number of purposes. If Pakistan is projected as a powerful nuclear and missile state, it would be important for the US to mollycoddle it.

Regardless of the intent(s) behind the report, India should use this NBC story to its advantage. It is obvious that the Indian Government cannot reveal anything that pertains to its nuclear status. However, the Government must accept the shortcomings in its nuclear policy and its failures. I believe that India is behind Pakistan in both the missiles as well as delivery systems. The Prithvi was never designed for nuclear delivery and even the Agni has had no more than one test. Even a country like Russia had to conduct 11 tests before inducting its latest Topal-M ballistic missile. With its missile force of M-11 (Shaheen) missiles of Chinese origin and the Nodong (Ghauri) of North Korean origin, Pakistan has a deployable missile capacity. The IAF still does not have anything to match Pakistan's F-16s.

India cannot afford to drop its guard. Since the spectre of two unfriendly, autocratic, nuclear armed northern neighbors has been reinforced, India must go ahead with the expansion of its nuclear arsenal at full throttle. Most importantly, the disclosures made by NBC are yet another reason for India not to sign the NPT and the CTBT in its present form. If need be, the Indian leadership must reassess India's nuclear capability.

Finally, the Indian Government must counter such leaks and propaganda with effective information campaign. This is essential as such stories, even when they are planted, have a demoralizing effect on our security forces. Further such reports act as a morale booster for jihadis and assorted ISI-backed outfits to intensify their proxy war against India.

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can one tell about camparison between indian and pakistani present nuc status

:confused:

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Civil use of N-energy allowed

By Ihtasham ul Haque

ISLAMABAD, Sept 3: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has mandated Pakistan to extensively use nuclear energy for civilian purposes in agriculture, industrial, health, education and environment sectors.

Sources told Dawn on Saturday that the IAEA had decided to offer substantial funding for 24 research projects, findings of which would be shared with other Asian countries.

However, the IAEA said that all the nuclear energy-related projects must be opened for monitoring by its officials to ensure that everything was done for civilian use and not for manufacturing nuclear weapons, the sources said.

They said Pakistan had become the “highest recipient of IAEA’s financial and technical assistance” and that the relevant international agencies and Islamabad’s bilateral supporters had been taken into confidence about the application of nuclear energy for civilian purposes.

They said the IAEA had allowed the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission to amply use nuclear energy for improving the performance of agriculture, industrial, health, education and environment sectors.

“The PAEC is now providing nuclear technology for civilian purposes, which used to be taboo till recently,” the sources said, adding that Pakistani authorities were fully cooperating with the IAEA on all nuclear and non-nuclear issues.

They said the PAEC-supported civilian organizations were ready for inspection by everybody, including the IAEA.

The sources said all the PAEC laboratories, including the Pakistan Institute of Science and Technology, had started providing extensive services to civilian organizations after the IAEA’s approval.

They said IAEA officials admitted that a number of sanctions imposed by the United States and the West in the past on Pakistan’s civilian nuclear projects were unjustified, for which the country should be compensated by allowing it to use nuclear technology in manufacturing, industry etc.

“We have been informed by the IAEA authorities that they are ready to provide training to Pakistani manpower for improving its skills relating to nuclear energy,” another source said.

He said that the government had provided Rs178 million for reclaiming 25,000 acres of salinity-hit and waterlogged land by using nuclear technology.

He said a laser land leveller had been manufactured with the help of the PAEC, which, if imported, could have cost a large amount in foreign exchange. He said a number of initiatives were being taken in the industrial, environmental, health and education sectors to use nuclear technology. For promoting industrial activities, he said, a ‘non-destructive unit’ had been set up, which would work under World Trade Organization regulations. This would also help improve the quality of industrial products for increasing exports, the source said.

http://www.dawn.com/2005/09/04/top6.htm

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Chashma—Chairman Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) Parvez Butt addressing first concrete pouring ceremony of Chashma Nuclear Power Plant-2 here, which was inaugurated by Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz, said Chashma Nuclear Power Plant Unit-1 is a shining example of Pakistan-Chinese cooperation in the field of nuclear technology.

He said the plant is operating well and has achieved appreciable and high availability factor of 96.4% and capacity factor of 93%.

The Chairman said the Commission has demonstrated that Pakistan has grip on this technology and because of the “lifetime technical support agreement” with China, Pakistan foresee no problems in operating this plant for the next 35 years and even beyond.

He said the Chinese Industry has designed and built a very good plant and Pakistani engineers and maintenance teams are operating it as per international standards. Parvez Butt said, all nuclear power plants, the world over are built to stringent safety and quality standards. He said similarly, Pakistan has ensured all international practices and the government has set up an independent Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority (PNRA).

The PAEC Chairman said, “We had to convince PNRA to get permission to carry out construction.” He said due to excellent cooperation between IAEA, NNSA-the Chinese regulator, PNRA and the Chinese and PAEC designers, constructors and the operators, Pakistan was able to start construction of this plant.

Parvez Butt said with a view to safeguard environment concerns, Chashma Unit-1 has the necessary permit from Environment Protection Agency, EPA and that for Unit-2 is in process.

He said the staff working at Chashma Plant including PAEC employees and Chinese colleagues, remember those who suffered during the recent earthquake and 247 donated one month salary for

the quake victims. The PAEC Chairman explaining the details of the plant said there are 4,455 nuclear power plants operating in the world and presently 24 are under construction.

In his address, President China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC), Kang Rixin said CNNC is a sincere partner of Pakistan in its cause of peaceful utilization of nuclear energy. “We have carried out remarkable and fruitful cooperation with our Pakistani partners for years and have made satisfactory achievements,” he said.

Speaking on the occasion, Chairman of China Atomic Energy Authority, Sun Qin said in the past 19 years, engineers of the two countries drew on each other’s knowledge and experience and made unremitting efforts in exploiting nuclear technology for the benefit of the people.

Mr. Qin said he is pleased to learn that the Chashma Unit- I has successfully finished its third fuel reloading and the plant is running well. He said nuclear power is regarded as a safe and clean energy.—APP

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Pakistan launches nuclear project

Pakistan has begun building a new nuclear power plant in Punjab province.

Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz launched work on the 325-megawatt plant in Chashma, which is the second to be built at the site with Chinese help.

It was "a milestone" in the history of nuclear technology in Pakistan, Mr Aziz told officials from both countries.

The construction follows concern aroused by the confession of a leading Pakistani last year that he leaked nuclear secrets.

Dr AQ Khan shocked the nation and sparked international alarm when he publicly confessed to sharing nuclear technology with North Korea, Libya and Iran.

Tests

Officials say Chashma-2, south of the capital Islamabad, is for peaceful purposes and will follow International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards.

Pakistan has a parallel nuclear establishment, which runs its nuclear-weapon and missile technology programme.

Pakistan's first nuclear power plant was built in 1972 in Karachi with Canadian assistance.

Western nations later ceased nuclear co-operation with Islamabad, after it was alleged Pakistan was developing nuclear weapons.

Pakistan conducted nuclear weapons tests in 1998. Its rival India launched its first nuclear weapon more than a decade earlier.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4565212.stm

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11m acre saline land to be reclaimed

By Our Staff Correspondent

FAISALABAD, Feb 6: Member of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission Dr Kausar Abdullah Malik has said that the Bio-saline Agriculture Technology (BSAT) will help reclaim 11 million acres of wastelands in the country, where techniques like SCARP cant be used.

At the inaugural ceremony of two-week International Training Workshop on Bio-saline Agriculture Technology which began here at the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB) on Monday, he said unlike SCARP, the BSAT had no negative effects on agriculture rather it would bring pleasant environmental changes, besides prosperity to farmers.

The BSAT identifies such crops, grass, bushes and trees which are salt-tolerant and can grow in saline lands also.

NIAB Director Dr Iqrar Ahmed Khan said 1,150 acres of saline land in Lahore and Pakka Anna had been converted into lush green fields through the use of BSAT. Encouraged by the results, the PAEC had launched a pilot project in all the four provinces where 25,000 acres of saline land would be brought under cultivation with the participation of farmers, he added.

Under the project, 10,000 acres of wasteland will be reclaimed at Shorkot and Lodhran.

As many as 20 scientists from Egypt, Indonesia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, UAE and Pakistan are participating in the workshop. They will gain practical training in BSAT.

NADRA: People have protested against the indifferent attitude of Nadra’s Liaqat Road office staff. They said that applicants were forced to hire the services of touts present outside the office.

http://www.dawn.com/2006/02/07/nat28.htm

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Blast at Pakistan nuke facility

The Pakistani military says a technician at the country's main nuclear research facility has been killed in an explosion.

Army spokesman Shaukat Sultan said the blast at the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL) occurred when the technician was handling conventional explosives.

He said there had been no damage to the nuclear facilities.

KRL was founded by Abdul Qadeer Khan, Pakistan's top nuclear scientist who admitted to leaking nuclear secrets.

Mr Sultan said the cause of Tuesday's blast at the facility in Kahuta near Islamabad was being investigated.

"It was a normal conventional explosive that he [the technician] was handling when the accident happened and he died," he said.

Disgraced scientist

KRL is Pakistan's premier nuclear enrichment facility and was set up in the 1970s.

Regarded as a national hero for making Pakistan a nuclear power, Mr Khan admitted to leaking nuclear secrets to groups working for Iran, Libya and North Korea two years ago.

He was dismissed as a scientific adviser to the government following the revelations and has since lived under house arrest in Islamabad.

Pakistan's first nuclear power plant was built in 1972 in Karachi with Canadian assistance.

Western nations later ceased nuclear co-operation with Islamabad, after it was alleged Pakistan was developing nuclear weapons.

Pakistan conducted nuclear weapons tests in 1998. Its rival India tested its first nuclear weapon more than a decade earlier.

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Anwar Ali takes over as PAEC chief

ISLAMABAD: Anwar Ali took over as Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission in a simple ceremony held at PAEC headquarters. The outgoing chairman Parvez Butt has been elevated as the Science and Technology secretary. The incoming chairman paid rich tributes to Parvez Butt for realising the objectives of the PAEC programmes and expressed his resolve to adhere to the splendid work ethics of his predecessors. In his remarks, Butt exhorted the management of the PAEC to uphold the traditions of the organisation and work selflessly for the development of the country. He expressed his full confidence in the capabilities of his successor to steer the organisation towards its successful functioning. Anwar Ali was a member of team of scientists and engineers, which carried out the prestigious nuclear test at Chaghi in May 1988.

http://www.jang.com.pk/thenews/apr2006-daily/06-04-2006/main/main20.htm

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‘PAEC to generate 8,800 MW power by 2030’

Chairman says multi-dimensional use of nuclear energy on the cards

By our correspondent

ISLAMABAD: The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) is working on its plan to achieve production of 8,800 megawatt of electricity from nuclear power by 2030. Chairman PAEC, Anwar Ali stated this in inaugural session of 31st International Nathiagali Summer College jointly organized by PAEC and National Centre for Physics held here Monday.

He said that Pakistan needs more nuclear power plants for its growing energy needs. We envisage production of 8,800 MW electricity from nuclear power by 2030 and we are busy working plans to achieve this target.

He said: “In the field of health, we are operating 13 cancer hospitals and plan to set up more. In the field of agriculture, we intend to introduce mechanized farming which will take care of management of water, soil and crops using modern techniques.” We will introduce model farms, which will include dairy farming and livestock also. PAEC intends to build model villages and this will pave the way for green and white revolution in the country”.

Chairman PAEC said, “In order to work out the vision and future road map for the development of science in Pakistan, all the R&D organizations have to get-together. As far as PAEC is concerned, we have already formed an Advisory Council which will consist of bright and imaginative scientists who will define the future vision and set the new directions for PAEC programmes

Dr Atta-ur-Rahman, Federal Minister and Chairman, Higher Education Commission who was the chief guest said on the occasion that PAEC’s contributions in the domain of national defence, industrial development, nuclear energy, health and human resource development are laudable with its ever-increasing engagements in most advanced areas of knowledge.

He said acquiring advancement in Science and Technology is the focus of the present Government as knowledge alone decides haves and have-nots of the present day world. Our 100 million youth will be our chief asset as we are nurturing them in advanced areas of Science and Technology to transform the country into a prosperous and strong nation.

The government’s efforts to promote higher education can be gauged from the fact that our budget in this area, five years ago, was mere Rs800 million which has now been raised beyond Rs16 billion. Access to higher education, in the past, was only 2.9 percent in Pakistan compared to 69 percent in South Korea. We have raised it to 3.7 percent as of today and efforts are afoot to project it to about 11 percent in the current decade, he informed.

Talking about efforts in training and education of Pakistani youth, he informed that the govt has sent 1,150 students abroad in the last two years and the cases of another 600 students are underway under 150 million dollar Full Bright scholarships. We are getting a good feedback from the sponsor universities abroad about the quality of our students and we are encouraged to allocate Rs 15 billion to send 2,000 more students in the near future.

Chairman PAEC Anwar Ali said, “Today science is multidisciplinary and requires national and international cooperation and as a first step towards this end, PAEC intends to make PINSTECH and PIEAS more accessible to national and international scientists.

We are already involved in collaboration with international organizations like Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ASICTP), European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), SESAME and World Association of Nuclear Operators (WANO) including Nathiagali Summer College”.

The address of Dr Masud Ahmad, Member (Physical Sciences) PAEC, was devoted to the achievements of PAEC on the eve of its golden jubilee. He said “We crossed numerous milestones in our arduous journey which was, in fact, a tireless pursuit of scientific and technological excellence and added that Pakistan was among the first group of countries to recognize vast potential of nuclear energy and today on the PAEC canvas you can see a vide spectrum of activities like basic sciences, nuclear power, agriculture, industry, health, human resource development and defence.”

Dr Masud informed that along with peaceful application of nuclear technology, PAEC was fully aware of the importance of the nuclear energy for defence and it played a pivotal role when it was called upon by the nation to demonstrate Pakistan’s nuclear capability.

Dr Masud said, Pakistan was one of the first few members of IAEA and plays an active role in all of its activities. We have active cooperation with CERN in Geneva. President Musharraf visited CERN in January 2006, where, PAEC was given a prestigious award for manufacturing excellence. Our efforts will certainly accelerate the fulfilment of the dream of our president and prime minister to put Pakistan on the road to sound economic development.

Earlier, Director General, National Centre for Physics Dr Riazuddin informed that during the last thirty years, over 525 eminent scientists including 6 Nobel Laureates shared their knowledge and experience with over 900 scientists from as many as 72 countries.

Nearly 6,000 scientists drawn from universities, colleges and R&D institutions from Pakistan benefited from these colleges. Dr Riazuddin emphasized the importance of basic sciences towards generating engineering tools and stressed that science and engineering should be focused concurrently. The science-technology chain is largely responsible for the great scientific and technological progress of the 20th century. It is the growth of science and technology that have enabled the man earn wealth which no body could ever dream of.

The first International Nathiagali Summer College was held in 1976 due to the inspiring vision of Dr Abdus Salam and has been organized every year since then with remarkable regularity and ever-greater participation from national and international scientists and engineers. It has been an excellent forum for exchanging of knowledge and establishment of personal contacts between the participants.

http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=1646

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FAISALABAD (July 05 2006): Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) has launched a trainee fellows scheme for young scientists and medical doctors. A spokesman of the PAEC said here on Tuesday that the objective of the scheme was to engage and provide on the job training to the young scientists for a period of three years.

Trainee research fellows would be offered training at National Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (NIBGE) and Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB).

The trainee fellows would be offered monthly stipend of Rs 9,400 in addition to free hostel accommodation, and pick and drop transport facility within the campuses of these institutes. On successful completion of the training, the trainee fellows could also be offered permanent jobs as junior scientists and medical officers. However, the organisation would not be bound to offer jobs to all trainees.

Copyright Associated Press of Pakistan, 2006

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Many thanks Khan Sahib for posting this. I have looked at the Chemical and Materials Engineering and tried to compare it with the Battersea College of Advanced Technology ( now University of Surrey) where I studied for my Masters. The facilities, except for non availability of steam turbine, appear to be better

What makes an institution is the faculty. Regrettably, I dont recognize any of the names. Another factor is the quality of its Ph.D programme and in what periodicals the reserach done for the Ph.D level is published. I sincerely wish that we have more centres of excellence and this Institute proves true to its aims. I also hope that they publish a quarterly journal where topics of research programmes at the Masters and Doctrate level are discussed.

Long time ago I read a paper comparing US and USSR. The writer was American but his points were vaild. The main emphasis was that US is leading the world not because it has more mineral and oil wealth than other countries, but because US has better human resources than any other coutry in the world and these resources are being constantly enriched by at least 50 centres of excellence which impart the best education and provide research and development facilities unmatched anywhere in the world. The result is that only one US State " Kansas" can produce more wheat than all of Russia. Additionally, US pays money to the farmers not grow more food, produce more milk and meat else there would be too much available. This is because US technology is superior and as long as this remains true US will remain the foremost country of the world.

I have quoted this because I believe that future of Pakistan lies in deveoloping human resources which can only be done thru imparting education of the highest quality.

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http://www.thenews.com.pk/print1.asp?id=30404

N-tech offers vast benefits: PAEC

ISLAMABAD: Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) has contributed immensely to socio-economic development of the country through peaceful application of nuclear technology in the domains of health, agriculture, nuclear power and problem-specific research.

Member Planning Commission of Pakistan, Dr Kauser Abdulla Malik, said this while inaugurating a three-day workshop on "Assessment, Planning & Responseî jointly organised by PAEC and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) here on Thursday.

Citing the use of nuclear technology towards peaceful applications, he said: "PAEC is running 13 cancer hospitals, which offer treatment to more than 350,000 patients annually; has evolved more than 50 high-yield crop varieties and is undertaking problem-specific research for support to the industry.î

Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission has had a pro-active approach in sharing of knowledge with national and international organisations and based upon its technical resources, it has been one of the largest recipients of IAEA technical assistance, Dr Kauser said. He said nuclear technology, despite serving the human kind in a variety of areas, still remains under-utilised and its potential to socio-economic development can be reaped through international liaison and cooperation.

Utilising the nuclear techniques, PAEC plans to install irradiation plants at Lahore and Karachi to maximize the exports of fruits and vegetables by enhancing their shelf-life. This is the requirement of WTO regime as well, Dr Kauser stated.

Earlier, in his welcome address, Dr Ansar Parvez, Member, Science, PAEC, said: "Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission has been an active contributor to IAEA/RCA Regional Project on improving regional capacity for assessment, planning and response to aquatic environmental emergencies. This workshop is a manifestation of this."

Speaking on the occasion, IAEA expert, Ron Szymczak of Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization, said: "Nuclear technology holds immense promise for peaceful and beneficial contribution to humankind."

"Never ever environment has been as much under stress as these days and we must chalk out strategies for its mitigation through effective communication between scientists and policy planners."

Dr Mustanser Jehangir, Director General Pinstech and workshop coordinator, Dr Riffat Mehmood Qureshi presented aims and objectives of the workshop, which is being held at Comsats Headquarters, Islamabad and being co-sponsored by the Pakistan Navy, Small Dams Organization and Comsats.

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Pakistan: Sites For Nuclear Plants Chosen

October 17, 2006 15 33 GMT

The Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, in preparation for Chinese President Hu Jintao's November visit, chose sites where it will set up six Beijing-aided 300-megawatt nuclear power plants, the Hindustan Times reported Oct. 17. The sites were chosen with Pakistan's Nuclear Regulatory Authority and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and are part of Pakistan's commitment to generate 8,800 megawatts of nuclear power by 2030.

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po 11/05/06

Shamsa Ishfaq

Discovery of Khushab Nuclear Reactor (KNR) and a report published by Institute of Science and International Security (ISIS) has been projected in many different ways by various quarters. The report said that Pakistan was building a new Nuclear Reactor at Khushab that could produce enough plutonium for 40 to 50 nuclear weapons a year, which would be a major expansion of its nuclear programme and could prompt an intensified arms race in South Asia. The report was released in the same week that the US-India nuclear deal was slated for a vote in the House of Representatives and F-16 deal concluded its 30-day notification period.

Some critics highlighted KNR as Pakistan’s reaction to Indo-US nuclear deal. Some used this information to block F-16s sale to Pakistan and some linked it to AQ Khan emphasizing the need to pressurize Pakistan. However, Bush administration has rejected such allegations saying that ‘we are aware of Khushab nuclear reactor. The reactor and its capacity mentioned in the report are grossly exaggerated’. It needs to be understood that Pakistan’s nuclear programme is neither proliferation nor aggression. It intends to keep the atomic sphere peaceful without disturbing the peace in South Asia. In addition, Pakistan’s energy needs to necessitate the acquisition of nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. It was pointed out in 1980 by the then President General Zia that, “ the acquisition of nuclear technology is imperative to meet the country’s energy requirements because neither oil nor hydro-electric power would be able to meet the country’s requirements in future and alternate source of energy could only be provided by nuclear technology”.

Pakistan is a fast developing country and, therefore, its energy requirements are increasing day by day. Its increasing population and demand for improving economic status and living standard stipulates a substantial increase in the total energy consumption. Almost all of her hydel resources for generating electricity have been utilized and fossil fuel reserves are scarce. Pakistan needs to generate 8,800 MW of nuclear energy by 2020 to cater growing energy needs. Nuclear power generation is a mature technology and nuclear energy is relatively cheaper, economic and important source of power.

Despite the developments in nuclear field, Pakistan is fully committed to the doctrine of minimum credible deterrence. Her nuclear programme is peaceful and is in safe hands. Pakistan instead of plutonium took the uranium route for its future Light Water Reactor (LWR) for nuclear stabilization and restraint in South Asia. Plutonium is needed usually for Fast Breeding Reactor (FBR). Pakistan has single facility for separating or recovering plutonium from spent uranium fuel rods at the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP).

KANUPP is under the International safeguards and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). No doubt Pakistan’s nuclear programme has helped maintain power balance between India and Pakistan which was disturbed in 1974 and then in 1998 with the explosions of atomic device by India. While the nuclear deterrence is maintained there is a considerable scope to use this technology to promote prosperity, progress, human health and environmental protection.

Pakistan has no choice but to take to atomic technology since it is not possible any longer to fulfill the country’s energy needs through conventional methods, which are thrice as much expensive. And as power producers, the reactors run on enriched uranium are graded as cheaper and superior. For the same reason over 90 per cent of the nuclear reactors producing nuclear power in the world are run on enriched uranium.

The tremendous affect of advanced science and technology is felt once transformed into productive force. Thus, Pakistan’s nuclear technology is intended to bring about obvious social and economic benefits and she should be given a way to improve the lot of its people.

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ISLAMABAD (updated on: November 07, 2006, 19:36 PST): Pakistan and Hungary on Tuesday decided to start talks on peaceful use of nuclear technology and to understand each other position on nuclear energy.

The decision was taken during meeting between Khurshid Mahmood Kasuri and his Hungarian counterpart Kinga Goncz at the Foreign Office here on Tuesday.

The two leaders discussed bilateral relations, regional and international issues, war against terrorism and Pakistan access to European markets.

Later talking at a joint press conference, Khursheed Kasuri said that Pakistan had discussed with Hungary co-operation in civil nuclear technology and the two countries had agreed to understand each other position on the issue. He said the talks would be held at ambassadors level in Vienna.

Kasuri said we discussed the need for enhanced market access for Pakistan to Europe and operationalization of the Third Generation Agreement (TGA).

The Hungarian FM said that her country would hold talks on co-operation in nuclear sector based on principles. "We support use of nuclear technology to meet energy requirements," she added. She, however, said that member states should sign NPT and give their nuclear plants in IAEA control.

She said Hungary would support Pakistan access to European markets and implementation of TGA.

Copyright Online, 2006

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Four officials of Atomic Energy Commission kidnapped

By Abdul Sami Paracha

KOHAT, Jan 14: At least four officials of the Atomic Energy Commission based in Banda Daud Shah tehsil of Karak district were kidnapped from their office by armed men on Sunday, sources said.

Police officials said five staff members were in their office when four armed men entered the compound and demanded keys of vehicles of the commission from the drivers. They took away four officials and three vehicles.

The office was established a few years back following discovery of high-grade uranium in the area. Banda Daud Shah police sources said two teams headed by senior officials were searching for the vehicles and kidnapped persons. They claimed that two vehicle had been found and an encounter had been reported with the outlaws.

http://www.dawn.com/2007/01/15/top3.htm

Seems like no one is safe in Pakistan anymore from criminals...

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